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Cooling 101

What type of conditioner is more suitable for my home?


When the time comes to buy an air conditioning system it is difficult to choose the right one since there are so many different products offered on the market.  Whether you decide on a central system, a ductless system or a heat pump, an air conditioning expert can assist you in determining the system your home requires.


The following products are available:


Choose quality


it is time to buy an air conditioner, it is highly recommended to choose a high quality product. In addition to offering ultimate comfort, their life expectancy is greater; they are covered by the manufacturer’s warranty and are available at a large number of retailers.


What is Inverter technology?


This technology allows the compressor to operate at an almost unlimited number of speeds. These units normally start at full speed when there is the need for heating or cooling. After the set-point is reached, the units typically reduce the compressor speed to pump just enough refrigerant to match the requirements of the home. This provides energy savings as well as longer cycles. The longer operating cycles provide more cleaning/filtering of the homes' air and evener temperature distribution.


Life expectancy of an air conditioner


Most ductless conditioners or central air conditioners will last about 15 years. However many elements may interfere with this fact; the quality of installation for one and regular maintenance is key to extend the life of your air conditioner.


Maintenance of an air conditioner


It is highly recommended to service the cooling unit seasonally.  The efficiency, reliability and proper operation of your system depends on regular maintenance.


Where can I install a ductless conditioning system?


Ductless conditioning systems are easy to install. If you own a condo or bungalow it is recommended to install the indoor unit in the central part of the home. In a cottage type of home, the top of the staircase is the most appropriate area. The units should always be installed as close as possible to the ceiling to treat the hot air that sits there.


What is the difference between R-22 & R-410A refrigerants?


HFCH-22 refrigerant contains a chlorine molecule which damages the ozone layer. As of January 2010 it will be forbidden to build or to import new systems with R-22 in Canada. However, HFCF-22 will remain available until 2020 to ensure the maintenance of existing systems.


Most manufacturers now use HFC-410A in the fabrication of air conditioning units. This refrigerant offer the same efficiency as R-22 but is considered more ecological friendly since it does not cause damages to the ozone layer.


What does SEER or TRÉS mean?


SEER stands for Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (or TRÉS: Taux de Rendement Énergétique Saisonnier), an energy efficiency rating evaluates the energy consumed by the unit versus the energy it supplies.  The higher the SEER, the more efficient your unit will be.


Can I buy a ductless system and install it myself?


NO!  Whether it’s a central system, ductless system or heat pump type system, they must all be installed by a qualified contractor who has the required skills for this kind of installation. His technical knowledge will insure an adequate and secure installation, as well as reliability and best operation of the system.  Also, if the system has not been installed by a certified contractor the manufacturer will NOT honour the warranty.


Suggestions for saving energy


With some precautions and a few trick it is possible to reduce electricity consumption to a minimum while maintaining a best comfort level.